Staged to celebrate the completion of the Panama Canal, and drawing over 19 million visitors in only nine months, the Pan-Pacific International Expo rose like a literal jewel from the ashes of San Francisco's 1906 Earthquake and Fire.
A Century of Progress International Exposition was held in Chicago, Illinois from 1933 to 1934 to celebrate the city's centennial. The theme of the fair was technological innovation. Its motto was "Science Finds, Industry Applies, Man Conforms".
The 1939-40 New York World's Fair, located on the current site of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, was one of the largest world's fairs of all time. The fair ran for two seasons and over 44 million people attended.
The Golden Gate International Exposition was held in San Francisco, California to celebrate the opening of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge and the Golden Gate Bridge. The exposition's first season ran from February 18, 1939 through October 29, 1939 and its second season was from May 25, 1940 through September 29, 1940.
The 1964/1965 New York World’s Fair, located on the current site of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park. The fair ran for two seasons and took place without sanctioning from the Bureau of International Expositions.
Expo 67 was held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from April 27 to October 29, 1967. It was considered to be the most successful World's Fair of the 20th century, with over 50 million visitors and 62 nations participating.
An error was made above....C.V. Wood, who built Disneyland, Magic Mountain (Golden CO), Pleasure Island (Wakefield MA), Freedomland (Bronx, NY) and Six Flags Over Texas (Arlington) was not the same man as Charles Wood of Storytown and Gaslight Village. No relation.
I never realized the similarity prior to seeing these particular photos. The original church was built in the 1890s and clobbered during a night time bombing raid on Berlin in 1943. It was mostly destroyed and then scheduled for demolition in the 1950s as West Berlin got back onto its feet. Public outcry resulted in preservation of the ruins and the construction of this tower and a connecting wing, but it did not receive critical acclaim at the time. To many, restoration of the original church was preferred and some suggested this design was insulting to what had once existed.
Wallace Harrison had to know this. It seems to me it is the interior blue window lighting that most suggests the HOS and not the exterior. Harrison stated that his main objective was "a fresh approach to building a wall" when he designed the HOS. (Stained Glass, Spring 1965) The serpentine design is considerably different in technique and engineering than the Kaiser Wilhelm tower.
Harrison was also an architect of great creativity and independence. His works are all unique. One time he did clearly find inspiration from an earlier design, at least in spirit, with his massive Corning Tower and the Egg theatre in Albany's Rockefeller Plaza. They evoke his 1939 Trylon and Perisphere which he often lamented had not been permanent. Rockefeller and Harrison did have plans for a huge arch near the NYS Museum end of the Plaza, but with massive cost overruns, it was not built. Harrison did sketch an arch that resembled the then new St. Louis Arch so, he was, evidently, capable of finding inspiration from others. (Albany Times Union, May 26, 2015)